Konstantinos IX terminally ill; Nikephoros Proteuon was invited to succeed but was arrested by Theodora

Summary:
Konstantinos IX on his deathbed thought of the succession. He was persuaded by a prominent group of courtiers, Basileios the epi tou kanikleiou, Konstantinos the protonotarios of the dromos and Ioannes the logothetes to transfer power to a successor. They chose Nikephoros Proteuon (or Nikephoros the proteuon?) and sent a messenger to summon him urgently from Bulgaria, where he was the governor. However Theodora realised that her claims were being secretly ignored, and abandoned Konstantinos to die alone. She and her supporters had Nikephoros arrested at Thessalonike and banished him to the monastery of Kouzenas in Thrakesion. Her party consisted of Niketas Xylinites, logothetes of the dromos, Manuel, droungarios of the vigla and Theodoros, domestikos of the scholai. They succeeded in placing Theodora on the throne 
Dates:
1055 
retinue and household of Theodora who guided her rule (Anonymi 7011)
  • On learning that Konstantinos 9 as he lay dying was not putting the power in the hands of Theodora 1, she left him longing for death in the palace at the Mangana, while she, at their instigation, embarked on a ship and put in at the Great Palace (:) Zonaras 17.28.19
messenger sent to Nikephoros the proteuon from the palace (Anonymus 198)
Basileios, epi tou kanikleiou (Basileios 111)
Ioannes, logothetes under Konstantinos IX (Ioannes 115)
Emperor Konstantinos IX Monomachos (Konstantinos 9)
  • On his deathbed he wished to appoint a successor and to transfer power to him, and summoned in haste a certain Proteuon (Nikephoros 110, unnamed), but death overtook him, having reigned for twelve years and seven months (:) καὶ διὰ γραμμάτων τινὰ Πρωτεύοντα κεκλημένον πολλῇ σπουδῇ μετεπέμψατο Attaleiates: History 51.13-18 / 38.23-27
  • Tormented by his gout he remained bed-ridden in the monastery he founded (Mangana) but death approached him because of some other illness (:) δι᾿ ἕτερόν τι σύμπτωμα ὁ θάνατος ἤγγισεν Glykas 598.19-599.1
  • Theodora 1, on learning that, as he lay dying, he was not putting the power in her hands, left him longing for death in the palace at the Mangana (:) Zonaras 17.28.19
  • Despairing of his life, Ioannes 115 and others who had great power with him (Anonymi 6029) persuaded him when he was sick to think about the succession and suggested to him that (Nikephoros 110) Proteuon was suitable for ruling (:) Zonaras 17.28.16
  • Despairing of life he lay like a sacrificed ox longing to die, but did not consult Theodora 1 about the future: hiding his plan from her he secretly sought a successor; but his plan could not remain secret and was reported to Theodora 1 οὐκ ἦν τὸ σκέμμα λαθεῖν Psellos: Chronographia VI 202.1-6
  • He was distressed to hear of Theodora 1's return and his illness increased; as he could neither recover nor make an intelligent plan, he plunged into thought, closed his eyes and his mind and tongue strayed οὔτε τῆς νόσου ἀνενεγκεῖν οὔτε βουλὴν συνετωτάτην βουλεύσασθαι Psellos: Chronographia VI 202.12-16
Konstantinos, protonotarios of the dromos (Konstantinos 119)
Manuel, droungarios of the vigla (Manuel 103)
Nikephoros Proteuon (or proteuon), governor of Bulgaria (Nikephoros 110)
  • Was sent letters by the emperor (Konstantinos 9 Monomachos) summoning him to his deathbed and wishing to appoint a successor to whom power would be transferred (:) καὶ διὰ γραμμάτων τινὰ πρωτεύοντα κεκλημένον πολλῇ σπουδῇ μετεπέμψατο Attaleiates: History 51.13-17 / 38.23-26
  • Deemed by Ioannes 115, Konstantinos 119, Basileios 111 and other prominent courtiers, the most suitable candidate to succeed the dying emperor (Konstantinos 9), he was sent a messenger (Anonymus 198) in Bulgaria where he was serving to get him back (:) Skylitzes 478.85-88
  • Arrested at Thessalonike at the orders of the attendants of Theodora 1 (Niketas 107, Theodoros 105, Manuel 103), he was taken to Thrakesion and banished to the monastery of Kouzenas (:) Skylitzes 478.93-95
  • While serving in Bulgaria he was summoned by the logothetes, the protonotarios and the kanikleiou (Ioannes 115, Konstantinos 119, Basileios 111) who were considering the succession, but the supporters of Theodora 1 placed her on the throne (:) Glykas 599.1-7
  • Was arrested at Thessalonike by the supporters of Theodora 1, taken to Thrakesion and banished to the monastery of Kouzinas (:) Glykas 599.7-9
  • Anonymus 198 was sent to summon him (:) Zonaras 17.28.17
  • Despairing of the life of Konstantinos 9, Ioannes 115 and Anonymi 6029 persuaded the invalid (Konstantinos 9) to think about the succession and suggested to Konstantinos 9 that (Nikephoros 110) Proteuon was suitable for ruling (:) Zonaras 17.28.16
Niketas Xylinites, logothetes of the dromos (Niketas 107)
  • Had Nikephoros 110 arrested at Thessalonike, sent him to Thrakesion, and banished him to the monastery of Kouzenas: in association with Theodoros 105, Manuel 103 (:) Skylitzes 478.93-95
Empress Theodora (Theodora 1)
  • The plan [to designate Nikephoros 110 Proteuon heir] was kept secret from her, but it did not in the end escape her notice (:) Zonaras 17.28.18
  • On learning that Konstantinos 9 as he lay dying was not putting the power in her hands, she left him longing for death in the palace at the Mangana (:) Zonaras 17.28.19
  • When Konstantinos 9 despaired of life, he did not consult her about rule, but hiding his plan from her he secretly sought a successor; his plan could not remain secret and was reported to her (:) οὐ πρὸς τὴν βασιλίδα Θεοδώραν τὴν περὶ τοῦ κράτους σκέψιν ποιεῖται Psellos: Chronographia VI 202.1-6
Theodoros, domestikos of the scholai (Theodoros 105)
  • Had Nikephoros 110 arrested at Thessalonike, sent him to Thrakesion, and banished him to the monastery of Kouzenas: in association with Niketas 107, Manuel 103 (:) Skylitzes 478.93-95